Page 134 - Athletic Health Handbook
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TEAM PHYSICIAN’S CORNER

PEAK NOW OR PAY LATER:
THE ROLE OF BONE MASS IN
OSTEOPOROSIS

NEIL BINKLEY, MD ALTHOUGH THERE IS NO ONE “CAUSE” OF
Assistant Professor OSTEOPOROSIS, bone mass remains an important factor
Sections of Endocrinology and Geriatrics
University of Wisconsin throughout a person’s life. Early attention to bone mass may reduce
Madison, Wisconsin the likelihood or degree of osteoporosis later in life.

DIANE KRUEGER, BS Osteoporosis is defined as a systemic skeletal disease characterized by
Research Program Manager low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue with a
Osteoporosis Clinical Center and Research Program consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture.1 This
University of Wisconsin is an extremely common disease among older people, with 40 to 50 percent
Madison, Wisconsin of women2 and up to 25 percent of men sustaining osteoporotic fractures.3
In the relatively recent past, such fractures were required for the diagnosis
of osteoporosis. However, in 1993 the World Health Organization (WHO)
defined osteoporosis as a bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual-
energy x-ray absorptiometry ≥2.5 SD below the healthy mean for young

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