Page 122 - Athletic Health Handbook
P. 122
TEAM PHYSICIAN’S CORNER

INFECTIOUS DISEASE AND
THE ATHLETE

KENT R. JACKSON, MD INFECTIONS IN ATHLETES range from self-limiting
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery,
The David Geffen School of Medicine illnesses to infections with potentially fatal complications. Team physicians
University of California, Los Angeles are faced with diagnosing, treating, and determining return to sport for a
Los Angeles, California variety of infections that affect the athlete. These include upper respiratory
infections (URIs), influenza, infectious mononucleosis (IM), hepatitis B,
SHARON L. HAME, MD hepatitis C, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Recently, severe acute
Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedic respiratory syndrome (SARS) has been described and is a concern for the
Surgery, The David Geffen School of Medicine athletic population in areas with increased incidence of the virus.
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California Upper Respiratory Infections

Viral upper respiratory infections (URIs) are one of the most common
illnesses encountered in clinical sports medicine.1 There are a number of
viral strains capable of causing URI. Rhinoviruses are the most common,
causing about 40 percent of infections, with peaks in infection during
the fall and spring.2 Several other potential etiologic agents include coro-
naviruses and enteroviruses that demonstrate peaks in infections in the

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