Page 44 - Athletic Health Handbook
P. 44
The emergency team may consist order and maintenance is performed ACTIVATING the EMS SYSTEM ©AMERICAN ORTHOPAEDIC SOCIETY FOR SPORTS MEDICINE, 2014, ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
of physicians, EMTs, ATs, PTs, athletic regularly. Every effort should be
training students, coaches, and possibly made to ensure that the emergency Making the Call
bystanders. The specific roles of these equipment is stored in a clean, dry, and Ⅲ 911 (if available)
individuals may vary depending on environmentally controlled area and is Ⅲ Telephone numbers for local police, fire
many factors but the four basic roles readily available when an emergency
within the emergency team are: situation arises. This type of department, and ambulance services
Ⅲ Establish scene safety and equipment could include: spine boards
with straps, AEDs, AED batteries, Providing Information
immediate care of the athlete splinting equipment, helmet removal Ⅲ Name, address, telephone number of caller
Ⅲ Activation of the Emergency equipment and their batteries, etc. Ⅲ Nature of emergency, whether medical

Medical System (EMS) Everyone should take note of the or non-medical
Ⅲ Emergency equipment retrieval closest AED to their practice and Ⅲ Number of athletes
Ⅲ Direction of EMS to the scene. game locations. Ⅲ Condition of athlete(s)
Ⅲ First-aid treatment initiated by first responder
The formation of an emergency 4. Medical Emergency Ⅲ Specific directions as needed to locate the
team and implementation of specific Transportation
roles are extremely important. emergency scene (e.g., ATCs Enter through
Members of the team should There should be a major emphasis the NORTH GATE)
be cross-trained in multiple roles on having an ambulance on-site at Ⅲ Other information as requested by dispatcher.
in the case certain members are not all high risk sporting events. These
present during a given situation. events include football, gymnastics, and emergency equipment available
track and field, etc. When an at that specific athletic venue.
2. Emergency Communication ambulance is on-site, there should
be a designated location with quick 6. Emergency Action Plan
Communication is the key to a quick access to the playing field and a clear Checklist for Non-Medical
and efficient emergency response. route in both entering and exiting Emergencies
There should be a pre-established the athletic venue. At events where
“phone tree” to ensure that all parties the ambulance is not on-site, the These emergencies consist of fire,
are notified. Access to a working sports medicine team should know bomb threats, severe weather, and
phone line or other device should the response time if an ambulance violent or criminal behavior. The
be assured. A back-up plan should is needed and the distance to the athletic department should be in
also be in place in case the primary nearest hospital or medical facility communication with their local
communication system fails. At every from the specific athletic venue. municipalities to assist with both the
athletic venue, both home and away, development and implementation
it is imperative to know the location Any emergency situation where of these plans.
of a working telephone. there is a loss of consciousness (LOC),
airway, breathing, circulation (A-B-C), Conclusion
3. Emergency Equipment or neurovascular compromise, the
EAP should be considered a “load and The importance of being properly
All necessary emergency equipment go” situation with a special emphasis prepared for any emergency at an
should be at the site and quickly placed on rapid evaluation, treatment, athletic event cannot be stressed
accessible. All personnel should have and proper transportation. enough. An athlete’s survival
first-hand knowledge on how to may hinge on the training and
operate each piece of emergency 5. Venue Directions with Map preparation of the sports medicine
equipment and the equipment must team and school administrators. It
be in good working condition. All Each venue should have a detailed is prudent that all personnel—school
equipment must be checked on a map with all access roads leading to administration and the school’s
regular basis and used in an emergency and from the venue, entrance into sports medicine team—review the
rehearsal drill by all participating the venue, and the most direct route EAP on an annual basis with their
personnel. It is highly recommended to the nearest medical facility. Along local response departments. The
that an equipment inspection log with the map, there should be a list of development and implementation
be created to make sure that the the emergency communication lines of the Emergency Action Plan will
equipment is in proper running help ensure that all athletes will
receive the best care provided when
an emergency situation arises.

EMERGENCY ACTION PLANS 44
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