Page 142 - Athletic Health Handbook
P. 142
M E D I CAL
CONDITIONS

SICKLE CELL TRAIT

MATTHEW L. SILVIS, MD ON APRIL 13, 2010, the National Collegiate Athletic Association
Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation
Department of Family and Community Medicine (NCAA) acted to implement universal sickle cell trait screening in all
Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine Division I athletes. Starting the academic year 2010–2011, more than
Milton S. Hershey Medical Center 150,000 student athletes have been or will be tested for the first year they
Hershey, Pennsylvania are eligible to compete.1 While the wisdom of instituting such an extensive
program has been questioned1 the mandatory screening has brought to the
ROBERT A. GALLO, MD forefront an alarming, and often neglected, cause of sudden death in athletes,
Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation exertional sickling, and resultant rhabdomyolysis. The purpose of this paper
Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine is to review sickle cell trait, its medical implications, and the controversies
Milton S. Hershey Medical Center surrounding screening programs.
Hershey, Pennsylvania

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